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Papa Clemente V and his five nephews

Nepotism

“favoritism shown to relatives, esp. in appointment to high office from It. nepotismo, from nepote “nephew,” from L. nepotem (nom. nepos) “grandson, nephew” (see nephew). Originally, privileges granted to a pope’s “nephew” which was a euphemism for his natural son. Source http://www.etymonline.com

Bertrand De Goth the Archbishop of Bordeaux and local Gascon lad was chosen as Pope in 1305 taking the title Clement V. After delaying his departure from his castle at Villandraut for three years he finally settled in Avignon to begin a period of almost 70 years when rival popes reigned in France and Italy.

At a time when loyalty to family was as strong as to state or even church it did not shock his contemporaries that on his succession to the papacy he appointed  five nephews as Cardinals to assist in clerical power struggles and to benefit financially from his elevation to the papacy. Indeed the practise was an established part of the churches bureaucracy. They could be counted on to be loyal administrators for the new Pope and, at a time when Papal infallibility was far from generally acknowledged, they were an important bloc vote in the College of Cardinals where the Pope needed allies and supporters.

Perhaps today they would be titled ’Special Advisors’ and appointed by a new  administration to ensure that the civil service delivered on political decisions and that public announcements were delivered on ‘good days for bad news‘.   In any event, given the title of  ’Cardinal Nephew’ and the revenues commensurate with such high office they were able to construct substantial castles within easy commuting distance of their patron’s palace at Villandraut. Today, one, at Budos, is a substantial ruin as is another at Blanquefort, Another, at La Trave has little remaining above ground  but the Chateau at Fargues de Langon has recently benefited from substantial renovation by the family owning the LVH luxury goods brand while  the fifth was Roquetaillarde which is not only in an excellent state of repair but is open to visit most days during the summer. Incidentally the same family have occupied the fortress for the last 700 years -since the days of the Avignon Popes.

The remains of the Pope’s own moated chateau at Villandraut where he lingered for 3 years before taking up residence at the new Papal Palace at Avignon can also be visited. Indeed  it could be said that the Pope himself can be visited up the road at Uzeste as he occupies a fine tomb in the local church.

These reminders of a medieval world offer a tangible connection to a time past when the Church was the greatest power in the land and its servants the wealthiest local citizens.

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